Fashoin is the Life Style of EveryBody

Wigs have a long history of having been used for hygienic and medical purposes, and they have also formed an integral part of ceremonial and occupational dress, and of theatrical costumes.

Lacking proper hygienic practices, parasites and nits can invade people’s hair. In early societies, men and women would often shave their head and cover it with a peruke as they recognized that it was much easier to sanitize a wig than a head of hair (Durant and Durant, 1963, Part VIII, p. 173; Reilly, 2012).

For many centuries, ageing high society men and women who wanted to project a more youthful mien would often conceal their thinning hair with a peruke. In the 1600s, when the syphilis epidemic became rampant in Europe and affected all age groups, the nobility and upper classes who were afflicted by the disease attempted to safeguard their appearance and reputation by covering their balding pate with a well-groomed peruke. In so doing, they set a precedent for the wearing of stylish wigs (Durant and Durant, 1963, Part VIII, p. 173). Nowadays, patients who lose their hair as a result of surgery, chemotherapy treatments, or diseases such as alopecia aerate have the option of wearing a wig.

Spiritual leaders and high ranking officials have been known over the centuries to cover their head with some type of periwig when performing their duties. Wigs were made essentials in polite society since the reign of Charles II (1600-1685), and this civility was carried over in the dress code of professionals, high ranking officials, and in the courts. From the mid-1600s onward, wigs became an essential part of the occupational and ceremonial dress of European and Colonial bishops, clergymen, judges, barristers, governors, parliamentarians, physicians, and the military echelon. The Campaign Wig, for instance, was popular with the military, the Physical Wig was associated with the learned professions, and the Full-Bottomed Wig was worn at Court by judges and barristers. In America, between 1810 and 1819, doctors were still wearing wigs. Wigs remained part of court dress for judges and barristers well into the 1900s and early 2000s in countries such as Britain, Australia, and New Zealand (Bohrer, M.; Courts and Tribunals Judiciary, 2016; Cunnington, 1964, p.105; Lester, 1956, p. 169; McClellan, 1977, Vol. I, Part 1, p. 159, Part II, p. 250; McClellan, 1977, Vol. II, p 375; Wikipedia, Court Dress; Wikipedia, Wigs).

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